Clean, safe water is one of man’s basic needs. One way to make sure water is safe for use and consumption is water filtration. Simply, water filtration is the process of removing harmful particles, pollutants, and sediments from water. Whether you get city water or well water, a water filtration system installed in your home ensures water is cleaner, safer, and better-tasting for daily use.

How Does Water Filtration Systems Work?

How a water filtration system works depends on the type of system you have. Basically, water filtration systems use a filter of any type to filter out and eliminate bacteria and other microorganisms, particles, sediments, or even the smell and taste of chlorine in city water.

There are many types of filtration systems to choose from, and deciding on the type to use for your home depends on the current condition of your water.

Water Testing

Before installing a water filtration system, it is necessary to do a water test to determine the type of system most suitable for your situation. Water tests are also performed to identify current water problems, ensure water is reliable, and monitor any changes to the quality of water.

A water test should check for water pH, hardness, and the presence of harmful microorganisms, contaminants, ions, and other substances. You can get help with water testing from your local water expert.

What is the Best Water Filtration System?

The best water filtration system is one that specifically targets your water issues. This is why performing a water test is an important step to help you decide which type of filters to use.

Ideally, a water filtration system should include different components or filters.

  • Ultraviolet (UV) Light

A UV system does not change the odor or taste of water or introduce chemicals, but it effectively removes 99.99% of harmful pathogens. An ultraviolet light water system is ideal if your water contains disease-causing microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, and algae. 

  • Activated Carbon

Activated carbon filters out contaminants and prevents them from passing through. AC filters are most suitable for removing chlorine and unpleasant taste and smell from water. 

  • Reverse Osmosis

A reverse osmosis system treats water at your point of use (e.g., tap). It effectively minimizes the amounts of contaminants in your water, including heavy metals, dissolved minerals, and pathogens. It also enhances the taste and smell of water.

  • Water Softeners

Water softeners reduce dissolved minerals in water and are the best option for treating hard water. Hard water is caused by high concentrations of dissolved minerals, such as calcium and magnesium.

  • Whole House Water filter

A whole house water filter is installed at point-of-entry, which means water is filtered before it is delivered throughout your home. It effectively reduces the smell and taste of chlorine, mineral traces, and bacteria.

Best Water Filtration System for City Water

City water contains chlorine or fluoride, which affects the smell and taste of water, and may carry traces of heavy metals and pesticides. The best water filtration systems for city water are whole house water filtration or reverse osmosis filtration systems.

Best Water Filtration System for Well Water

Well water can contain pathogens, heavy metals, and organic chemicals. It can be safe for consumption and household needs, as long as water testing is performed to ensure potability. 

The best water filtration system for well water depends on the contaminants present in the water. Generally, well water is best treated using a reverse osmosis or whole house water filter.